On SWTOR's 4th Anniversary, BioWare Opens Up About Free-to-Play's Perilous Path

Jason Winter
By Jason Winter, News Editor


It's faded in recent years, but the notion that a lot of gamers still have when a subscription game goes free-to-play is that it's failing. Sometimes, those opinions are overblown, a smug, sadistic rush to write off a game that dared to try to compete with “their” game. And the bigger the perceived threat to their game, the louder they are to trumpet another game's downfall, real or imagined.

With Star Wars: The Old Republic, however, there was no exaggeration. Free-to-play was a move that had to be made to save the game. As Senior Producer Bruce Maclean told MMOBomb in a recent interview, “The mood wasn't that 'We're going to be in trouble,' the mood was, 'We are in trouble.' We were not doing well.” That's pretty frank talk, and starkly refreshing to hear from the developer of an ongoing MMORPG, the kind of negative admission that's usually nixed by PR and marketing teams.

Along with Lead Designers Charles Boyd and Michael Backus, we had the chance to reminisce about the good times and the bad over SWTOR's first four years. The game launched on Dec. 20, 2011, and celebrates its fourth birthday on Sunday – and there's some important movie coming out, oh, about now – so it seemed like a good time to chat with the crew at BioWare about their experiences. All three had been with the game since roughly forever, so you'd be hard-pressed to find a team more rooted into the ups and downs of the game's development cycle, both pre- and post-launch.

SWTOR Mirialan

A new hope

With everything (especially money) that went into the game, I thought it seemed “too big to fail.” I can remember doing a show a few months after SWTOR launched and insisting – despite some vocal disagreements – that the game would still be around a year later, in some form, just because Electronic Arts wouldn't be willing to throw that money down the drain and write off the whole thing so quickly.

Maclean chuckled ruefully at my “too big to fail” comment and told me about how bleak things seemed those first few months and what had to change. “We needed to change everything. We changed our team, philosophy, we changed our communication style, our cadence of delivery... and we changed our business model. We said, 'You know what? If anyone wants to play, let them play. Let's make the game free-to-play.' Since going free-to-play, we've been on a fantastic and positive journey. Going free-to-play paradoxically doubled our subscribers.

“As we were doing all these things, we arrived at a Star Wars: The Old Republic that is beyond anything that we hoped for even at launch. One reason for that is our players have been helping us chart the course. Our subscribers have been supporting us throughout all this and really helping us know which way to go. It's become really clear, especially in the last year, that what they really want us to do is embrace our BioWare roots and focus on personal story.”

The renewed focus on story is obvious to anyone who's followed the game the past couple years, with Shadow of Revan and Knights of the Fallen Empire being very story-rich and loved by fans. And KotFE is still in its infancy. “It's been extremely well-received,” Maclean said, “and we haven't even finished the story arc yet. Chapters 10 through 16 have yet to play out. The second half of this new direction really starts in February, with chapter 10, and every month there will be a new chapter of content.”

Monthly updates are something new to the SWTOR team, and it's part of a new “vision mandate,” Backus said. “You might not have time for an MMO, but you'll always have time for our story,” as he puts it. The key is to make sure that people can still enjoy the core of the game, even if they're not the ultra-obsessive types who are putting in 20+ hours per week.

SWTOR ship

Free-to-play faults

When the decision came down to make the game free-to-play, it was met with emotions like the ones Maclean expressed at the top of this article. “There were so many things that we needed to fix, and it was obvious,” he said. “We had a moment of truth where we said, 'Let's change how we run our teams, let's change our level of transparency and communication both inside and outside the building. What we're doing isn't working. Let's think outside the box and let's start with what our players are saying.'

“It was a humbling and transformative moment. We were in trouble and we all knew it. It was obvious that something had to happen. We hoped [free-to-play] would be well-received, but the response was overwhelming. It was really a shot in the arm.”

“Removing that barrier [of up-front payment] has brought in so many new people to give it a shot and experience these really awesome stories that we worked so hard on,” added Backus.

For all their talk of how well-received F2P was and how popular it is, however, the stigma remains of the early – and some continuing – restrictions that free players have had when compared to paid players. I told the team, straight up, that I had to ask about those sort of things because I knew what the response would be if I simply came back with an “everybody loves F2P” message.

“The reason why we did that?” Maclean offered. “Probably stemming mostly from fear at that time” – fear that, if a subscription didn't seem valuable enough in comparison to free-to-play, nobody would pay for it. “But over the last three years, we've been talking about maybe summarizing all this and sharing with our players. We have been constantly dialing those things back, one at a time. There were so many different ways in that the free-to-play experience wasn't as good [as subscribing].

“Our philosophy has really changed, especially with Knights of the Fallen Empire. That's what a subscription is: You get access to an amazing story. That's the value of a subscription. Not 'you get access to a hotbar.' Over the years, we've been undoing these ones that have that punitive feel and trying to get back to subscription value being premium content.”

Backus referred to early F2P restrictions as “overtuned to start with.” “The short and firmly honest answer is, it was a mistake in hindsight, and we're correcting that mistake as the years go,” Maclean finished.


Looking back

Even though the game has only been out for four years, some of the guys' experiences go back for twice that long, and I asked what was the favorite thing they worked on in that time. For Backus, that was the Galactic Starfighter expansion, which brought free-form space combat to the game. “It was a very small team, about 12 people, we had a very short period of time to do it, we weren't sure if the engine could handle it... and I think it's a very fun experience.”

Boyd brought up one of his favorite cutscene moments from Knights of the Fallen Empire, where a character is introduced with an acrobatic entrance, the type of which he didn't think the engine could have handled a few years ago. “If we'd have written that in the plot summary a few years back, [the effects team] would have laughed. It exemplifies how far we've raised the bar of our cinematics and the action that we can do.” He also gives a shoutout to trooper companion M1-4X for his over-the-top rah-rah “For the Republic” dialogue.

For Maclean, the sheer scope of the Knights of the Fallen Empire expansion and how they managed to pull it off is one of his favorite things. “A lot of folks didn't believe it was possible at first.” Around the start of this year, work began in earnest and the entire company started to invest themselves fully in realizing the grand vision of the content, a process Maclean describes as “magical.” When they first pitched the entire story to Lucasfilm, they were met with awkward silence. Before they could figure out how to escape the meeting room, the Lucasfilm reps told them how amazing it was and excited they were about its prospects. Whew.

Star Wars: The Old Republic has gone from “can't-miss next big thing” to being on death's door and needing free-to-play to rescue it. Even once that happened, it wasn't all smooth sailing, and the dev team has had to make plenty of adjustments and improvements to keep the ship afloat – or, in this case, to simply (“hear me, baby”) hold together. A willingness to confront those issues and talk about them in public is a trait some companies, in their pride, refuse to do, preferring instead to see their game go down in flames than admit mistakes and do what's necessary to correct them.

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About the Author

Jason Winter
Jason Winter, News Editor
Jason Winter is a veteran gaming journalist, he brings a wide range of experience to MMOBomb, including two years with Beckett Media where he served as the editor of the leading gaming magazine Massive Online Gamer. He has also written professionally for several gaming websites.

Discussion (13)

Louis Visser 7 years ago
Bioware can go space themselves! ''free 2 play?'' rather ''forced 2 pay!" There nothing but a bunch
of greedy little Jawas!

Pepe 7 years ago
I really like Swtor as a traditional mmorpg, but the business model is the reason why i dont play.

They still need to learn that You do NOT take away content from people who purchased your game, instead You give more content to people who subscribe.

Cloak 7 years ago
Star Wars: The Pay Wall Strikes Back

Bic Boi 7 years ago
Too many promises, too much talk, too little action. These guys have only learned how to lie and do the absolute bare minimum so the loyal fanboys shout louder than anyone else. In essence, they half-ass everything but expect praise. Imbeciles.

Za'Muro 7 years ago
subscribe or dont play at all ... thats what their f2p is

View 1 reply
Esk 7 years ago
I don't think the devs have listened to their playerbase once in the last three years that I've been playing. I've stayed because I had a lot of friends in the game and at the time there was progression to do. I have every major accomplishment of the game though and there isn't anything left to do in endgame. Match that with an asinine decision to make the best gear drop from selected HM's instead of NiM content and bioware has driven off me and all of my friends. There was also the rebalancing of DPS while half could break 7k DPS the other half had trouble breaking 6k which is a huge gap in performance, the answer the devs came up with was to nerf the top performing specs down to the level of the underperforming ones instead of the opposite. So now where DPS checks were already at times pretty tight they are causing them to be even tighter. Also it forces a dependance on the use of the NiM crystal which is ridiculous because it's way more expensive to craft than its worth. It's not reusable and the buff drops once you leave the instance. It also forces you to participate or support conquest which is just them basically recycling content and forcing you to run content not relevant to you and that you've probably done a million times before or to craft large amounts of stuff that has no purpose. The last month has just been weeks and weeks of posts from Tait and Eric basically bringing up one game breaking glitch after another. The latest post is them announcing that "our bad we broke rakghoul event and we can't fix it before it's over good luck with it in January." All that they have learned to do in these last four years is to slide by just enough to maintain enough cash flow to stay on life support while breaking as many promises to the community as possible. We'll never go another 14 months without new ops, pfffft.

Randyblythe 7 years ago
My opinion may not be very popular but here it goes.

I really liked SW:TOR, it was a fun game. I enjoyed raiding in SW:TOR, I enjoyed the fact that it was basically WoW reskinned into star wars with a good story. What I don't like is saying "Okay, there's no more endgame for a year or longer, instead, we're giving you more story!". While I enjoy story, raiding is always my endgame in MMORPGs, without it the game feels empty and single player.

I don't understand where the notion that "raiding is pointless because only x percent of players do it" comes from, raiding sells games for me and a LOT of my friends, it creates a perpetual endgame that introduces people to puzzles that 20-40 people solve together.

Yes, only x percent of people raid, however, raiders are the core playerbase, the people that will play for years 2-4 times a week, 2-4 hours a day. We're seeing this in WoW nowadays, where the raiding has become extremely lackluster, so the people that play the game are casual that will subscribe for maybe a couple of months and then quit for a year or two. The raiders stay.

Why did WoW have 10 million subscribers and more during BC and WotLK? The raiding content was amazing (well, okay, BC raid content was amazing, and Ulduar from WotLK).

There was not much else to do other than raid then, but people were OKAY with that, that's why there were so many subscribers. Now they have pet battles! Challenges! Mythic dungeons! and more... Does more = better? Obviously not, the subscriber count is down to what? 7 million? or was it 5 million?

So why should we care about more story in SW:TOR? Yes, the storylines are pretty well done, but people will do the story and then quit, there is no endgame to keep people playing.

Will no one learn from WoW's downfall? People say treadmill lootgrinds are pointless, yet they fail to see why raiding is so popular, the fact that it's a giant puzzle for 20-40 people to piece together while being social. Is it about the loot? No, it's not, it's about the experience and problem solving.


View 1 reply
dularr 7 years ago
If any game could have supported buy to play it was Star Wars. They could have a box price every couple of years and an amazing cosmetic cash shop.

Johan 7 years ago
I played this game when it turned free and I liked it. Problem was the free to play model and I didn't feel like spending loads of money into it just to have fun.

After seeing all the movies again (and the new), I had such a rush to play a good star wars game again. Hope this will be good.

View 1 reply
Merkadis 7 years ago
Hmh, their f2p still needs work.
They talk the talk but we'll see if they walk the walk.
At least they still remembered where their roots are, not completely screwed by EA, then.

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